Because anyone can view and modify open source software, someone might spot and correct errors or omissions that a program's original authors might have missed. Software was designed and created organically by communities of users in response to their needs and inspiration. Some people prefer open source software because they consider it more secure and stable than proprietary software. What is Open Source Community? Programmers who have access to a computer program's source code can improve that program by adding features to it or fixing parts that don't always work correctly. Only the original authors of proprietary software can legally copy, inspect, and alter that software. Every time computer users view web pages, check email, chat with friends, stream music online, or play multiplayer video games, their computers, mobile phones, or gaming consoles connect to a global network of computers using open source software to route and transmit their data to the "local" devices they have in front of them. We recommend you read our open source FAQs, how-to guides, and tutorials to get started. Cloud computing platforms can be open source or closed source. ", More and more, people rely on remote computers when performing tasks they might otherwise perform on their local devices. Source Code. Whether it's development or advocacy, open source software and other collaborative projects benefit through, and because of, community. We like to think of open source as not only a way to develop and license computer software, but also an attitude. Copyright © 1988-2020, IGI Global - All Rights Reserved, Additionally, Enjoy an Additional 5% Pre-Publication Discount on all Forthcoming Reference Books, Learn more in: Collaborative Development Environments, Learn more in: Dependencies, Networks, and Priorities in an Open Source Project, Learn more in: Characterization and Classification of Collaborative Tools, Learn more in: Collaborative Development within Open Source Communities. The Open Source Initiative's (OSI) definition is recognized by several governments internationally as the standard or de facto definition. Community & Collaboration The open source community is diverse and highly motivated. You are responsible for ensuring that you have the necessary permission to reuse any work on this site. Looking for research materials? The community is one of the things that can make or break an open source project, and having a strong, vibrant, and diverse open source community is important to the project’s success. 1. All of the people in the roles listed above are part of this community along with people filling other critical roles in the project for documentation, marketing, user support, and so much more. Open source projects, products, or initiatives embrace and celebrate principles of open exchange, collaborative participation, rapid prototyping, transparency, meritocracy, and community-oriented development. Others, like ownCloud and Nextcloud, are open source. That's not unique to open source; many popular applications are the subject of meetups and user groups. 2. Today, however, "open source" designates a broader set of values—what we call "the open source way." This is a common misconception about what "open source" implies, and the concept's implications are not only economic. To summarize, the Definition model of distribution terms require that: Many employers specifically seek to hire programmers with experience working on open source software. Open source software often inspires a community of users and developers to form around it. We believe this underlying code (whatever its form) should be open, accessible, and shared—so many people can have a hand in altering it for the better. In the new climate, governments in the United States and around the world began to question the wisdom of relying on proprietary code, … The term open source refers to something people can modify and share because its design is publicly accessible. This way, their software remains free of charge, and they make money helping others install, use, and troubleshoot it.