Kein is used with nouns: Ich habe kein Haus. Wir trinken keinen Wein. Die neuen Autos sind nicht schön. → [Those aren’t Jana’s shoes. Kein negates a noun. Nein, ich sehe ihn nicht. Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). The article also includes a declension chart of the grammatical cases and grammatical genders of kein. This means you now have to think about the context of the sentence as you say it and think about which German word you need to use. → [I don’t understand you. One of the first confusions you will encounter when learning the German language is: What’s the difference between kein and nicht and when should you use them? Nicht negates everything else. • While Kein is used to reflect No, Nicht is used to reflect Not and Don’t. It's the same word as “not”. The problem arises because in English we just have one word that covers both: not. → [That’s not a radio. Siehst du ihn? If the noun is an indefinite article and needs negation, Kein in one of its forms is used. - Do you see him? Wir trinken keinen Wein. Let’s take a look! Nicht is used with verbs: Ich schwimme nicht. If you choose “kein” and … Other German exercises on the same topic : Negation | All our lessons and exercises When to use nicht. Example: Er schläft nicht. A basic discussion of negation focused on the difference between nicht and kein, when to use nicht with sondern and when kein with sondern is more appropriate. No I do not see him. • When the noun to be negated is a definite article, Kein is used while Nicht is used when the noun is an indefinite article. (The new cars aren’t beautiful.) He’s not sleeping. This article discusses the use of kein for German negation. Sentences in German can be negated with either the adverb nicht or the indefinite article kein. Or more generally speaking, use "kein" when something is rather undetermined (uncountable nouns, indefinite article) and "nicht" for more determined things (definite article, possessive pronouns). Siehst du ihn? Nein is for yes/no questions, kein/e is used before nouns and nicht for the rest. Uses of Kein. Das ist nicht schnell. Over time you will instinctively know and yo… GERMAN FAQ: When to use KEIN and NICHT in German - YouTube (My friend is not new in the class.) This article takes a deeper look at some German negation words. Decide whether to use nicht or kein… The underlined part of the sentence should be negated. Beyond these preliminary concepts, there are more words that express negation in German. End of the free exercise to learn German: Negation -nicht and kein A free German exercise to learn German. Keine Milch - No milk. "Kein"/"nicht" does not imply any difference in terms of length of time. - Do you see him? In the preceding examples, der Hamburger and der Berliner correspond to das Fleisch: we used nicht on the assumption that you were talking about a particular burger and a particular jelly donut. To say that you stay away from burgers or jelly donuts in general, you would use kein: Ich esse keine Hamburger / Ich esse keine Berliner. Nein is for yes/no questions, kein/e is used before nouns and nicht for the rest. It's the same word as the English “no”. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. (I don't have a house). We use nicht to negate sentences in German. Or more generally speaking, use "kein" when something is rather undetermined (uncountable nouns, indefinite article) and "nicht" for more determined things (definite article, possessive pronouns). Nicht negates everything else. ]|negation of verb → nicht; Das ist ein Radio. the present or past tense. Keine Milch - No milk. Turn the positive sentences into negative sentences. We use nicht: at the ende of a sentence with verbs in simple tenses i.e. It's the same word as the English “no”. Ich verstehe dich. Kein is mostly used with nouns though the ending of the word is different depending upon whether the noun is a singular or a plural. • Nicht is used with verbs and adjectives, whereas Kein is used with nouns. It's the same word as “not”. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. ]|proper name → nicht When to use “kein/e” In German, we use “kein” or “keine” if we want to negate a noun. Meine Freundin ist nicht neu in der Klasse. (I don't swim). Das ist nicht schnell. No I do not see him. "Kein"/"nicht" does not imply any difference in terms of length of time. Kein is also used when the noun does not have an article. The interesting thing is that "kein" is used in place of ein/eine/ein, AND it has a plural version- kein/keine/kein/keine. Nicht can be placed in different parts of a sentence depending on what we want to negate or emphasise. ]|noun with indefinite article → kein; Das sind Janas Schuhe. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website.