The particle "nicht" As we’ve seen in German negation, the adverb "nicht" is the most common type of negation.By placing "nicht" in a different position, the meaning can change. German Word Order: Form and Meaning Main Clauses - overall structure of German assertions The structure of the following sentence exemplifies the structure of all assertions in German. Overview. Sentence Structure . They are necessary for the main clause to make sense. for German Sentences In This Chapter Understanding terms used in German grammar Identifying parts of speech Using a bilingual dictionary Y ou need some basic grammar tools to help you assemble winning sentences. The only way to reach German fluency is by mastering the sentence structure. Verbs with Dass-Clauses "Dass" or "ob"? With compound verbs, the second part of the verb goes last, but the conjugated part is still second. Fortunately for you, many aspects of German grammar follow straightforward rules and have few exceptions. What is a Dass-Clause? Never question German word order again, just speak fluently with ease. Dass-clauses are subordinate clauses that start with the word "dass." (All sample sentences in this handout are based on the drama Besuch der alten Dame by Friedrich Dürrenmatt.) Know which rules to create your sentences by makes a big difference. However, many of these rules take time to learn. So, we compiled every rule on German sentence structure that you need to succeed. A simple main clause in German can be written with the same word order as English: Ich gab dem Jungen einen Ball. There are free exercises so you can practise what you have learnt. The verb is always the second element in a German sentence. After a subordinate clause / conjunction, the verb goes last. Accusative case Identifies the direct object (whom or what the subject “verbs”). Heute kommt Kläri nach so vielen Jahren zurück. Morgen (adverb) muss (modal verb) ich (subject) Wäsche (object) waschen (second verb). Dass-Clauses. Let's look at how to structure them. Sentence Structure │ German Grammar » Subordinate Clauses » Dass-Clauses. In fact, it's common to see inverted sentence structures in the German language. German Word Order: 2 Cases Of Inverted Sentence Structure. Simple, declarative sentences are identical in German and English: Subject, verb, other. Although German sentence structure may not seem to make sense, at first sight, there are specific rules behind the apparent chaos. German Sentence structure as 4 distinct cases that can potentially follow. In German we can move the time phrase to the front too, but after that the structure has to change. It makes the verb of the sentence negative when placed right before the unconjugated verb (if there is one) or at the end of the sentence: I gave the boy a ball. Here's the same sentence in German, starting with the time phrase 'tonight.' Case #1: Sentences With Time Words. In this chapter, I explain the roles of the grammar tools — such as your trusty cases, clauses, and cognates — to help you boost your confidence in German. Nominative case Identifies the subject (who or what is doing the action). Nicht negating the verb. German word order is not set in stone. What is a Dass-Clause? Yes or No Questions. Click on one of the links below for an in-depth look at word order and sentence structure in German grammar. Yes or no questions in German are structured by having the verb in first position, meaning it is the first word of the sentence. Summary. German Grammar Rules: Sentence Structure. But there are some rules to follow. German sentences are usually "time, manner, place." Genitive case Indicates that this noun belongs to someone or something. Word Order. German Has the Same Sentence Structure as English Let's look at a few different ways to write the same sentence. Sentence structure or word order (Wortstellung) is more flexible in German than in many other languages thanks to the cases.