Whatever you think you know about them, prepare to be amazed with these nine crazy facts. The African Elephants ears are a clear distinction to tell them apart from other elephants in conservation. Commercial logging, plantations for biofuels and extractive industries like logging and mining not only destroy habitat but also open access to remote elephant forests for poachers. Numbering three to five million in the last century, African elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting. African elephants have less room to roam than ever before as expanding human populations convert land for agriculture, settlements and developments. To increase public support for elephant conservation by reducing conflict, WWF trains wildlife managers and local communities to use modern methods and tools to mitigate human-elephant conflict. Limited resources combined with remote and inaccessible elephant habitats make it difficult for governments to monitor and protect elephant herds. Africa's most iconic animal! Their herds wander through 37 countries in Africa. African … A bull elephant can weigh up to 6 tonnes while a female elephant will weight half of this. Do you want to give opinion on facts about African elephant? WWF helps governments produce and adopt elephant conservation strategies, allowing them to survey, and manage elephant populations and to implement the CITES system for Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE). African elephants are of the genus Loxodonta (derived from Greek) and this includes the two core species; the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant … An African elephant is right- or left-tusked, just as people are right- or left- handed. We help establish new protected areas within elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness within existing protected areas. To reduce the illegal trade in elephant products, WWF supports antipoaching efforts within and around protected areas. Savanna elephants live in eastern and southern Africa, where the highest densities are found in Botswana, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Namibia, Mozambique and South Africa. Check African animals facts here. The elephants’ range shrank from three million square miles in 1979 to just over one million square miles in 2007. Despite a global CITES ban on international sales of ivory since 1990, tens of thousands of elephants are killed to meet a growing demand for ivory products in the Far East. The elephant features the spongy pad on the foot. Groups of related families stay in fairl… As seasonal waters ebb and flow, the movements of elephants and other wildlife follow. They oldest known elephant … One is called the savanna elephant (scientific name Loxodonta africana) and the other is the forest elephant (scientific name Loxodonta cyclotis). We also work to establish new protected areas to provide safe havens for elephants. African Elephant Facts: Elephant Tusks. Tusks, which are large modified incisors that grow throughout an elephant's lifetime, occur in both males and females and are … This allows smaller animals to access water in drier times. The Savannah elephant is the larger and darker than the bush elephant. Upper incisor teeth develop into tusks in African elephants and grow throughout their lifetime. Can you guess the size of the male African elephant? They are easily recognized by their trunk that is used for communication and handling objects. The matriarch is responsible fo… Having adapted to life across Africas diverse ecosystems, the African elephant plays a vital role in maintaining ecological harmony. There are two subspecies of African elephant: savanna or bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis). African Elephant Facts For Kids & Information : The following are the facts and information about the world’s largest land mammal: Weighs up to 6,000 kg (6.6 tons) Measures up to 3.3 m (10ft.) African elephants ingest plants and fruits, walk for miles, and excrete the seeds in fertile dung piles. That's why it can pick up and squash food, like this pumpkin at the Lowry Park Zoo in Tampa, Florida, before gobbling it up. In zoos, African elephants are provided with large amounts of space to roam, and plenty of browse to feed on. In this way, new plants can grow in different areas and can cross fertilize. As stated above, the African Elephant has large ears that extend above their shoulders, but their cousins, the Asian Elephant have much smaller ears. In central African forests, up to 30 percent of tree species may require elephants to help with dispersal and germination. African elephants can reach heights of 13 feet (4 meters) at the shoulder. There are also differences in the size and shape of the skull and skeleton between the two subspecies. 100% of your donation will benefit WWFs Back a Ranger project. An incredible physical feature found on elephants … They play a pivotal role in shaping their habitat because of the enormous impact they have on factors ranging from fresh water to forest cover. Both male and female have tusks. The presence of African elephants helps to maintain suitable habitats for many other species. Research has found that regular outbound Chinese travelers have the highest interest in purchasing elephant ivory despite the ban in China. WWF also develops and supports community-based wildlife management plans that contribute to elephant conservation while providing benefits to local people. Three or four generations of cows and calves spend their entire lives together with the exception of males, who leave the group at 8-12 years of age. 2011 saw the highest volume of illegal ivory seized since global records began in 1989. In the following post, we will only talk about African elephant. If it reaches the mature time, the body can grow up to 7.5 tons. The leader of the herd is the oldest female, and she is known as a matriarch. When you see the legs of an African elephant, it reminds you with a massive pillar. In addition to being smaller, forest elephants are darker and their tusks are straighter and point downward. It can stand up to 14 feet. They include snow leopard, leopard, jaguar, lion and tiger. African elephants have large ears, shaped much like the continent of Africa itself. Even though elephants can live for 60 years, they often die way before … Bigger is Better. The pad is very important when the elephant moves. Elephants occupy all African habitats from near-desert to closed canopy forest. Asian elephants have less to worry about heat-wise, as they tend to live in cool jungle areas, so their ears are smaller. They are used to support the weight of the body. Help the men and women on the front lines of conservation. But the African elephants only have little hair on the body. They have grey skin and differ in the size of their ears and tusks, and in the shape and size of their skulls.. The illegal demand for ivory is the biggest driver of elephant poaching. However, the number of the elephants is decreased from time to time. To achieve the goal of the ban—saving Africa’s elephants—we must curb consumer purchase of ivory outside China. Because they are extremely intelligent, they must be provided with lots of environmental enrichment in the form of toys, puzzles, water hoses, and training. 1250 24th Street, N.W. Look at the foot African elephant. 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